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Islam: God's Message of Guidance to Humanity

 

By Hassan Ali El-Najjar

 

Table of Contents

 

I. Introduction: Basic Information

 

1. Islam: A Brief Introduction

 

2. Three Levels of Faith: Islam, Iman, and Ihsan 

 

3. The Scientific Evidence That God Exists and the Holy Qur'an Is His Message to Humanity 

 

4. Creation and Evolution in the Holy Qur'an

 

5. Humans, As God's Caliphs on Earth

 

6. Adam's Contest With the Angels, and Getting Out of Paradise


7. Worshippers By Choice Or Forced Slaves?  

 

8. The Relationship Between the Spiritual and the Physical Aspects of Islamic Teachings  

 

9. Spirit, Soul, Mind, Self, and Happiness, from an Islamic Perspective

 

10. Heart-Mind Relationship in the Holy Qur'an  

 

II. Islam: The Five Pillars of the Faith Structure

 

11. Islamic Proclamation of Faith

 

12. Performing Islamic Prayers

 

13. Giving Zakat, Charity, The Third Islamic Duty

 

14. Fasting and Ramadhan, Great Gifts from Allah to Muslims

 

15. Haj, Pilgrimage, the Fifth Pillar of Islam

 

III. Iman: Allah, His Angels, Messengers, Messages, Latter Day, and Qadar

 

16. Allah, As He Described Himself in the Holy Quran 

 

17. Angels

 

18. Noo'h, Noah, in the Holy Quran  

 

19. Ibrahim, Abraham, in the Holy Quran

 

20. Moussa, Moses, in the Holy Quran

 

21. 'Eissa, Jesus Christ, in the Holy Quran  

 

22. Muhammed in the Holy Quran

 

23. Prophet Muhammed's Night Journey and Ascent to Heavens, Al-Issra Wal Mi'raj

 

24. The Last Day: The Hour, Resurrection, Reckoning, and Judgment

 

25. God's Precise Measurement and His Just Decree, Al-Qadar Wal Qadha

 

IV. I'hsan: Watching Allah in Speech and Deeds

 

1. Introduction to Islamic Law, Shari'a, Part I, Prohibition, Don't Do, and Do Commands in the Holy Quran

 

2. The La (No) Commands

 

3. The Imperative Commands 

 

***

 

Articles with Islamic Perspective:

 

Health Care Crisis in the US: An Islamic Perspective

 

"Terrorism" & "Islamo-Fascism" Propaganda Campaigns: An Interactive Lecture

 

Six Questions About Islam, Muslims and Jews

 

Five Islamic Issues: Predestination and choice, position toward other religions, angels, and the End of Days

Food Islamic Rules and Teachings  

 

Are Muslim women second-class citizens  

 

The French Ban on Islamic Headscarf, an Interview with

 

Links to Islamic Topics 2007-2010

 

Links to Islamic Topics 2007

 

Links to Islamic topics 2006

 

Links to Islamic topics 2005

 

Links to Islamic topics 2004

 

Links to Islamic topics, 2003

 

2002 Links to Islamic topics


 

Islam:

 

God's Message of Guidance to Humanity

 

21

 

'Eisa, Jesus Christ, the Son of Mary

 

God's Creation Miracle

 

 in the Holy Quran

 

Peace and Blessings of Allah Be Upon him

 

By Hassan Ali El-Najjar

 

7th of Safar, 1334 -  21st of December 2012

 

Updated on the 27th Day of Sha'ban, 1438 - 23rd Day of May, 2017

 

***

 

 

 

 

 

 

1334 - 2012

 

  1438 - 2017

 

***

 

 

 

I seek refuge with God from the Stoned Shaytan (Satan)

In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

 

 

 

Introduction 

 

Most Christians (Catholic and Protestants) celebrate the birth of 'Eisa Al-Masie'h (Jesus, the Christ, the Messiah), peace and blessings of God be upon him (pbbuh), on December 25 every year. However, Eastern Orthodox Christians (such as Russians, Copts, and Armenians) celebrate it on January 7.  

 

While Muslims do not observe structured celebrations of birthdays of Messengers of God, they rejoice the remembrance of Jesus Christ, his birth, his mission, his miracles, and his teachings, as he is one of the five major Messengers of God, who were supported with the power of miracles. The other four are Noo'h (Noah), Ibrahim (Abraham), Moosa (Moses), and Muhammed, peace and blessings of Allah be upon them all (Allah means the God). [1]


In this Chapter, verses of the Holy Quran about 'Eisa (Jesus Christ) are presented to shed some light on his birth, life, mission, miracles, nature, ordeal, ascendance to heavens, and his future return to Earth. The verses also provide answers to the main disagreements between Jews and Christians about him.  

 

 

Verses mentioning Eisa (Jesus) and his mother, Maryam, in the Holy Quran 

 

The story of Maryam (Mary) and the conception of her son, Eisa (Jesus), pbbuh, is presented in verses 33-60 of Soorat Al-i-Imran (Chapter 3), of the Holy Quran.

 

The story of 'Eisa Bin Maryam (Jesus, the Son of Mary), pbbuh, is told in three chapters of the Holy Quran. These are Chapter 3 (Al-i-Imran), Chapter 5 (Al-Ma-ida), and Chapter 19 (Maryam).

 

His name (Eisa) is mentioned 25 times in the Holy Quran, in the following verses: 2: 87,136, 253; 3:45, 52, 55, 59, 84; 4:163, 171; 5:46, 78, 110, 112, 114, 116; 6:85; 19:34; 33:7; 42:13; 43:63; 57:27; and 61:6, 14.

Fourteen of these verses mention him, in separate contexts, as one of the prominent Messengers of Allah, and give some information about him and about his mission.  

The other eleven verses mention him in a context of giving more information about him, particularly about his birth, life, miracles, ordeal, and the end of his first mission on Earth. Thus, more information about Jesus Christ, pbbuh, can be found in verses 4:156-158, 171-172; 5:110-120, and 19:16-35 of the Holy Quran. [2]

 

 

Birth of Maryam (Mary) and dedicating her to the worship of Allah

 

Maryam (Mary), pbuh, the mother of Eisa (Jesus), pbuh, was born to the family of Imran. Her mother pledged during her pregnancy to dedicate her to the worship of Allah. The pledge was accepted and Allah assigned Zakariya (Zechariah) to take care of her  (Al-i-'Imran, 3: 33-37).

 

ٰ  

 

ٰ ﴿٣٣﴾ ۗ ﴿٣٤﴾ ۖ ﴿٣٥﴾ ٰ ٰ ۖ ﴿٣٦﴾ ۖ ۖ ٰ ٰ ۖ ۖ ﴿٣٧﴾ ( 3: 33-37). 

 

I seek refuge with Allah from the Stoned Shaytan (Satan)

In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

 

Indeed, Allah chose Adam and Noah and the family of Abraham and the family of 'Imran over the worlds - (33)

 

Descendants, some of them from others. And Allah is Hearing and Knowing. (34)

 

(Mention, O Muhammed), when the wife of 'Imran said: "My Lord, indeed, I have pledged to You what is in my womb, consecrated (dedicated for Your service). So, accept this from me. Indeed, You are the Hearing, the Knowing." (35)

 

And when she delivered her, she said: "My Lord, I have delivered a female." And Allah was most knowing of what she delivered, and the male is not like the female. And I have named her Maryam (Mary), and I seek refuge in You, for her and her descendants, from the stoned Shaytan (Satan, the expelled from the mercy of Allah)." (36)

 

So, her Lord accepted her with good acceptance and caused her to grow in a good manner, and put her in the care of Zakariya (Zechariah). Every time Zakariya entered upon her in the prayer chamber, he found with her provision. He said: "O Maryam, from where is this (coming) to you?" She said: "It is from Allah. Indeed, Allah provides for whom He wills, without account." (37) (Al-i-'Imran, 3: 33-37).

 

 

Good news from the Angels to Maryam about giving birth to Eisa (Jesus) 

 

The Angels came to Maryam (Mary) and told her that Allah, praise to Him, had chosen her to be the mother of Jesus Christ, by a word from Him. They explained to her that her conception of him would be a miracle for people, and he would be supported with many miracles, to help him persuade people of his mission (Al-i-'Imran, 3: 42-48; Maryam, 19: 16-28). Then, the Spirit of God, the angel Jibreel (Gabriel), peace be upon him, appeared to her and said: "I am only the Messenger of your Lord, to give you a boy, (who is) pure of sins" (Maryam, 19: 19).

 

ٰ ﴿٤٢﴾ ﴿٤٣﴾ ٰ ۚ ﴿٤٤﴾ ﴿٤٥﴾ ﴿٤٦﴾ ٰ ۖ ٰ ۚ ٰ ﴿٤٧ ﴿٤٨﴾  ( 3: 42-48). 

 

And (mention that) the angels said, "O Maryam (Mary), Allah has chosen you, purified you, and chosen you above the women of the worlds. (42

 

O Mary, be devoutly obedient to your Lord, prostrate, and bow with those who bow (in prayer)." (43

 

That is from the news of the unknown (unseen), which We reveal to you, (O Muhammed). And you were not with them when they cast their pens, as to who of them should be responsible for Maryam. Nor were you with them when they disputed (about it). (44

 

(And mention that) the angels said: "O Maryam, indeed Allah gives you glad tidings of a Word from Him, whose name is the Messiah, 'Eisa (Jesus), the son of Maryam, prominent in this life and the Hereafter, and among those close (to Allah). (45)  

 

He speaks to the people in the cradle, as a Kahl (in his early 30s), and (he will be) of the righteous." (46

 

She said: "My Lord, how will I have a child when no man has touched me?" (The angel) said: "Thus, Allah creates what He wills. If He decrees (decides) a matter, He (only) says to it: Be, and it is. (47

 

And He will teach him writing, wisdom, the Torah, and the Engel (Gospel) (48) (Al-i-'Imran, 3: 42-48).

 

 

The miracle of Maryams pregnancy

 

﴿١٦﴾ ﴿١٧﴾ ٰ ﴿١٨﴾ ﴿١٩﴾ ٰ ﴿٢٠﴾ ٰ ۖ ۚ ﴿٢١﴾ ( 19: 16-21).

 

And mention (O Muhammed), in the Book ([the story of) Maryam (Mary), when she withdrew from her family to an eastern location (place). (16

 

And she took, in seclusion from them, a screen (a barrier). Then, We sent to her Our Spirit (Jibril, Gabriel), and he represented himself to her as a well-proportioned human (being). (17

 

She said: "I seek refuge with the Beneficent (God) from you, (so leave me alone) if you are righteous." (18

 

He said: "I am only the Messenger of your Lord, to give you a boy, (who is) pure (of sins)." (19

 

She said: "How can I have a boy while no man has touched me, and I have not been unchaste?" (20

 

He said: "Thus, your Lord said: 'It is easy for Me, and We will make him a sign to the people, and a mercy from Us. And it is a matter (already) decreed.' " (21) (Maryam, 19: 16-21).

 

 

Giving birth to Eisa (Jesus), and her peoples reaction

 

﴿٢٢﴾ ٰ ٰ ﴿٢٣﴾ ﴿٢٤﴾ ﴿٢٥﴾ ۖ ٰ ﴿٢٦﴾ ۖ ﴿٢٧ ﴿٢٨﴾  ( 19: 22-28). 

So, she conceived of him, and she withdrew with him to a remote place. (22) 

 

And the pain of childbirth drove her to the trunk of a palm tree. She said: "Oh, I wish I had died before this and was in oblivion, forgotten." (23) 

 

But (Jibril, Gabriel) called her from (a place) lower than her (saying): "Do not grieve; your Lord has provided beneath you a stream (for you to drink from). (24) 

 

And shake toward you the trunk of the palm tree; it will drop upon you ripe, fresh dates. (25)  

 

So, eat, and drink, and be contented. And if you see from among humans anyone, say: 'I have vowed to the Beneficent (God) a fast (abstention from talking), so I will not speak today to (any) human.' " (26) 

 

Then, she brought him to her people, carrying him. They said: "O Maryam, you have certainly done an awful thing. (27) 

 

O sister (relative) of Haroon (Aaron), your father was not a man of evil, and your mother was not unchaste." (28) (Maryam, 19: 22-28). [3]

 

 

His first miracle: Speaking in the cradle

 

Allah, praise to Him, supported His Messenger, 'Eisa Bin Maryam (Jesus, the Son of Mary), with the Spirit of the Holy (Jibril, Gabriel), who helped him perform many miracles, particularly medical ones, to persuade people of his mission, as a Messenger of God.  

 

Verses from the Holy Quran tell us that he spoke while in the cradle, defending his mother. He healed many sick people, and even brought some people from the dead. He created birds out of clay then he blew in them, giving them life and leading them to fly away. He told people what they hold in their homes, and in response to a test from his disciples, he asked Allah to descend a table spread with food, which Allah answered and descended it to them. These miracles were mentioned in verses 29-35 of Surat Maryam (Chapter 19), verses 49-51 of Surat Al-'Imran (Chapter 3), and verses 110-115 of Surat Al-Ma-ida (Chapter 5) of the Holy Quran, as follows: 

 

ۖ ﴿٢٩﴾ ﴿٣٠﴾ ﴿٣١﴾ ﴿٣٢﴾ ﴿٣٣﴾ ٰ ۚ ﴿٣٤﴾ ۖ ۚ ٰ ﴿٣٥﴾ ( 19: 29-35). 

 

So, she pointed to him. They said: "How can we speak to (the one) who is in the cradle, a child?" (29) 

 

(So, 'Eisa, Jesus) said: "I am the worshipper of Allah. He has given me the Scripture and made me a Prophet. (30) 

 

And He has made me blessed wherever I am, and has enjoined upon me (to perform) prayer and (give) Zakah (charity), as long as I am alive (31) 

 

And (He has made me) dutifully good to my mother, and He has not made me a wretched tyrant. (32) 

 

And peace is upon me the day I was born, and the day I die, and the day I will be resurrected alive." (33)  [4]

 

That was 'Eisa (Jesus), the Son of Maryam, the Saying of the Truth, about whom they are in dispute. (34)

 

It is not (befitting) for Allah to take a son; exalted is He! When He decrees (decides) a matter, He only says: to it, "Be," and it is. (35) (Maryam, 19: 29-35). [5]

 

 

Performing more miracles: Birds from clay, healing blind and leper people, bringing the dead to life

 

ٰ ۖ ۖ ٰ ۖ ۚ ٰ ﴿٤٩﴾ ۚ ﴿٥٠﴾ ۗ ٰ ﴿٥١( 49-51). 

 

And (Allah made him) a Messenger to the Children of Israel, (who said to them): I have come to you with a sign from your Lord: I create for you from clay (that which is) like the form of a bird. Then, I blow  (my) breath into it, and it becomes a bird, by permission of Allah. And I heal the blind and the leper, and I bring the dead back to life, by permission of Allah. And I inform you of what you eat and what you store in your houses. In that, (there) is a sign for you, if you are believers. (49

 

And (I have come) confirming what was before me of the Torah, and to make permissible (lawful) for you some of what was forbidden to you. And I have come to you with a sign from your Lord. So, avoid Gods anger (be righteous), and obey me. (50

 

Allah is my Lord and your Lord. So, worship Him. This is a straight path." (51) (Al-'Imran, 3: 49-51).  

 

 

The miracle of descending a table spread with food from heaven, in response to the Disciples test

 

ۖ ﴿١١٢﴾ ﴿١١٣﴾ ۖ ﴿١١٤﴾ ۖ ﴿١١٥﴾ ( 5: 112-115).

 

(And mention O Muhammed) when the Disciples said: "O 'Eissa (Jesus), Son of Maryam, can your Lord send down to us a table (spread with food) from the heaven? ('Eissa, Jesus) said: Avoid God's anger (be righteous), if you are believers." (112)

 

They said: "We want to eat from it, and let our hearts be reassured, and know that you have been truthful to us, and (we want to) be among its witnesses." (113)  

 

'Eissa (Jesus), the Son of Maryam, said: "O Allah, our Lord, send down to us a table (spread with food) from the heaven, to be for us a festival, for the first of us and the last of us, and a sign from You. And provide for us, You are the Best of the Providers." (114

 

Allah said: "I am sending it down to you, but whoever disbelieves afterwards from among you, then, I will torment (punish) him with a torment (punishment), which I have not tormented (punished) anyone from the worlds" (115) (Al-Ma-ida, 5: 112-115).

 

 

His ordeal and ascendance alive to heavens 

 

Despite all of his miracles and signs of proof that he was the Messenger of God, still a faction of the Children of Israel not only did not believe in him but also plotted to have him killed. However, Allah, praise to Him, saved him by lifting him alive to heavens.

 

Allah, Almighty, did not allow them to kill him or crucify him. Instead, they had another person, who was made to look like him. In addition, Allah, praise to Him, promised to make those who believed in him dominant over those who rejected him, as revealed in the following verses from the Holy Quran.  

 

ۖ ۗ ٰ ( 2: 87).  

 

And We did give Moosa (Moses) the Book (the Torah) and followed up after him with messengers. And We gave 'Eisa (Jesus), the Son of Maryam, clear proofs and supported him with the Spirit of the Holy (Jibril, Gabriel). Was it that every time a messenger came to you, (O Children of Israel), with what your souls did not desire, you got arrogant? And a party (of the messengers) you belied (accused them of lying) and another party you killed? (Al-Baqara, 2: 87).

 

ۖ ٰ  ( 61: 6). 

 

And (mention) when 'Eisa (Jesus), the Son of Maryam, said: "O children of Israel, I am the Messenger of Allah to you, confirming what is in between my hands of the Torah, and bringing glad tidings of a messenger to come after me, whose name is Ahmed (the thankful one)." But when he came to them with clear pieces of evidence (about being the Messenger of Allah), they said: "This is obvious magic" (Al-Saff, 61: 6). 

 

ٰ ۚ ٰ  ( 5: 78).  

 

Cursed were those who disbelieved among the Children of Israel by the tongue of Dawood (David) and (that) of 'Eisa (Jesus), the Son of Maryam. That was because they disobeyed (God) and they used to transgress (Al-Maeda, 5: 78). 

 

ۖ ۖ ۖ ٰ  ( 61: 14).

 

O you who have believed, be supporters of Allah, as when 'Eisa (Jesus), the Son of Maryam, said to the Disciples: "Who are my supporters to (the path of) Allah?" The Disciples said: "We are supporters of Allah." And a faction of the Children of Israel believed and a faction disbelieved. So, We supported those who believed against their enemy, and they became dominant (over them) (Al-Saff, 61: 14). 

 

ٰ ﴿١٥٦﴾ ٰ ۚ ۚ ۚ ﴿١٥٧﴾ ۚ ﴿١٥٨﴾  ۖ ﴿١٥٩﴾ ( 4: 156-159). 

 

And (We cursed them) for their disbelief and their saying against Maryam a great slander, (156

 

And [(for) their saying: "We have killed the Messiah, 'Eisa (Jesus), the Son of Maryam, the Messenger of Allah." And they neither killed him, nor crucified him; but he was resembled to them (by another man). And indeed, those who differed about him are in doubt about him. They have no knowledge of him except the following of assumption. And they did not kill him, for certain. (157

 

Rather, Allah raised (lifted) him to Himself. And Allah is Exalted in Might, Wise. (158)  

 

And everyone from the People of the Scripture (Jews) will surely believe in him (in 'Eisa, Jesus) before his death (after his return to Earth). And on the Day of Rising (Resurrection), he will be a witness on them (159) (Al-Nisa, 4: 156-159). 

 

ٰ ۖ ﴿٥٢﴾  ﴿٥٣﴾ ۖ ﴿٥٤﴾ ٰ ٰ ۖ ﴿٥٥﴾ ﴿٥٦﴾ ۗ ﴿٥٧﴾ ٰ ﴿٥٨﴾  ( 3: 52-58). 

 

When 'Eisa (Jesus) felt disbelief from them, he said: "Who are my supporters to (the path of) Allah?" The Disciples said: "We are supporters of Allah. We have believed in Allah, and bear witness (on us) that we are Muslims (submitting to Him). (52)  

 

Our Lord, we have believed in what You have revealed, and have followed the Messenger ('Eisa, Jesus). So, write us among the witnesses." (53

 

And they (the disbelievers) planned (to kill 'Eisa, Jesus), but Allah planned (to save him). And Allah is the Best of Planners. (54

 

(Mention) when Allah said, "O 'Eisa (Jesus), I am ending your record (on Earth) and raising you to Myself, and purifying you from those who have disbelieved, and making those who have followed you (dominant) over those who have disbelieved until the Day of Rising (Resurrection). Then, to Me is your return, and I will judge among you concerning that in which you used to differ. (55

 

And as for those who have disbelieved, I will torment (punish) them with severe torment (punishment) in this life and the Hereafter, and they will have no supporters." (56

 

But as for those who have believed and did good deeds, He will give them their rewards, and Allah does not like the transgressors (the oppressors). (57

 

This is what We recite to you, (O Muhammed), of (Our) verses and the wise remembrance. (58) (Al-i-'Imran, 3: 52-58). 

 

 

His Nature 

 

Instead of concentrating on the message and the teachings of the Messiah, 'Eisa (Jesus, the Christ), many of his followers have focused on his nature, and many of them have worshipped him as a deity, in addition to, or together with Almighty Allah, Who created him!

 

The following verses of the Holy Quran tell us that Eisa (Jesus), pbuh, was created by Allah, just like Adam was created. The Creator of the Heavens and the Earth is capable of creating both of them without a father. He is in no need of a wife or a son. He is the Eternally Living One God, Who has no partners. 

 

Other birth miracles that Allah, praise to Him, bestowed on His Messengers and Prophets, included the birth of Is'haq (Isaac) to Ibrahim (Abraham) and his wife, despite their old age. Another miracle is the birth of Yahya (John, the Baptist) to Zakariya (Zechariah) and his wife, also despite their old age. [6]

 

'Eisa, the Messiah (Jesus Christ) was a Messenger of Allah, who worshipped his Creator, and who never said to the people to worship him and his mother, instead of, or beside Allah, as revealed in the following verses (Al-'Imran, 3: 59; Al-Ma-ida, 5: 116-119):  

 

ٰ ۖ  ( 3: 59). 

 

The example of 'Eisa (Jesus) to Allah is like the example of Adam. He created Him from the earth matter (soil); then He said to him: "Be," and he was (Al-'Imran, 3: 59). 

 

ٰ ۖ ۚ ۚ ۚ ﴿١١٦﴾ ۚ ۖ ۚ ٰ ﴿١١٧﴾ ۖ ﴿١١٨﴾ ٰ ۚ ۚ ۚ ٰ ﴿١١٩﴾ ( 5: 116-119). 

 

Allah said (will say, on the Day of Judgment): "O 'Eisa (Jesus), Son of Maryam, did you say to the people, 'Take me and my mother as deities instead of Allah?'" He said (will say): "Exalted You are! It is not for me to say that to which I have no right about. If I had said it, You would have known it. You know what is in myself, and I do not know what is in Yourself. You are the Knower of the Unknown (Unseen). (116

 

I did not say to them except what You commanded me to (say): Worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord. And I was a witness over them as long as I was among them; but when You ended my record (by lifting me up from Earth), You were the Observer over them, and You are, over all things, a Witness. (117

 

If You (should decide to) torment (punish) them, they are Your worshippers; but if You forgive them, You are the Exalted in Might, the Wise. (118

 

Allah will say (on the Day of Judgment), "This is the Day when the truthful will benefit from their truthfulness." For them (there) are gardens (in Paradise) beneath which rivers flow, wherein they will be everlasting forever, Allah will be pleased with them, and they will be pleased with Him. That is the great winning (attainment). (119) (Al-Ma-ida, 5: 116-119).

 

 

O People of the Book (Christians): Do not commit excess in your religion.

 

In concluding the issue of the nature of Eisa (Jesus), pbuh, Allah, praise to Him, admonishes his followers (Christians),  not to commit excess in their religion, by believing in the Trinity and by saying that Jesus is the son of God. He proclaims with utmost clarity that He is One God, Who has no son, He did not give birth to anybody, and nobody gave birth to Him. He was and is worshipped by the Messiah, Jesus, and the angels, and whoever disdains His worship will be punished, but whoever believes in Him and does good deeds will receive full rewards, in the hereafter (Al-Nisa, 4: 171-173; Al-Ikhlas, 112: 1- 4).

 

ۚ ٰ ۖ ۖ ۚ ۚ ٰ ۖ ۘ ۗ ٰ ﴿١٧١﴾ ۚ ﴿١٧٢ ۖ ﴿١٧٣﴾ ( 6: 171). 

 

O People of the Book (Christians), do not commit excess in your religion, and do not say about Allah except the truth. The Messiah, 'Eissa (Jesus), the Son of Maryam, was but a messenger of Allah and His Word, which He threw to Maryam, and a spirit from Him. So, believe in Allah and His messengers, and do not say, "Three." Desist (stop saying that), it is better for you. Allah is but One God. Exalted He is above having a son. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the Earth. And sufficient is Allah as Disposer (of His Dominion's affairs) (171)  

 

The Messiah would never disdain to be a worshipper of Allah, nor would the angels (who are) close (to Allah). And whoever disdains His worship and is arrogant, He will gather them to Himself all together (172)  

 

As for those who believed and did good deeds, He will give them in full their rewards and grant them extra from His bounty. But as for those who disdained and were arrogant, He will torment (punish) them with a painful torment (punishment), and they will not find for themselves any protector (patron) or supporter, other than Allah (173)  (Al-Nisa, 4: 171-173).  

 

ۡ ٱ ٱٰۡ ٱ

 

ۡ ٱ (١) ٱ ٱ (٢) ۡ ۡ ۡ ۡ (٣) ۡ ۥ ڪ ۢ (٤( 112: 1-4).

 

I seek refuge with Allah from the stoned Shaytan

In the Name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful 

 

Say: He is Allah, (the) One; (1) Allah, the Eternal; (2) He did not beget (give birth) and He was not begotten (given birth to); (3) And there has never been anyone equal to Him. (4) (Al-Ikhlas, 112: 1- 4). 

 

 

His Descent and Return to Earth 

 

The following four verses of the Holy Quran mention the future decent of 'Eisa (Jesus), peace be upon him, from heavens and his return to the Earth. Verses 3:46 and 5:110 mention that he will be a Kahl (33 years of age) when he returns and speaks to people again. Verse 4:159 mentions that Jews will believe in him when he returns and Verse 43:61 mentions that the return of 'Eissa (Jesus) is a sign of the Hour, which has to happen before the Last Day. 

 

 ( 3: 46). 

 

He will speak to the people in the cradle and as a Kahl (33 years and older) and will be of the righteous (Al-'Imran, 3: 46). 

 

ٰ ۖ  ( 5: 110). 

 

(The Day) when Allah will say, "O 'Eisa (Jesus), Son of Maryam, remember My favor upon you and upon your mother, when I supported you with the Spirit of the Holy (Jibril, Gabriel), (enabling you to) speak to the people in the cradle and as a Kahl (33 years and older) (Al-Ma-ida, 5: 110). 

 

ۖ  ( 4: 159).  

 

And everyone from the People of the Book (Jews) will surely believe in him (in 'Eisa, Jesus) before his death (after his return). And on the Day of Rising (Resurrection), he will be a witness on them (Al-Nisa, 4: 159). 

ۚ ٰ  ( 43: 61). 

 

And indeed, he ('Eisa, Jesus) will be a sign for of the Hour. So, do not be in doubt of it, and follow Me. This is a straight path (Al-Zukhruf, 43: 61). 

 

 

Hadiths about the return of Eisa (Jesus), pbuh, and his reign on Earth

 

In addition to the above verses of the Holy Quran, there is a number of Hadiths (sayings) of the Prophet Muhammed, pbbuh, about the future descent of Eisa (Jesus), pbuh, from heaven and his rule on Earth. These are known in the Islamic literature to be part of the topic of the Al-Dajjal (pronounced: ad-dajjal), who is also known as the fake messiah, and the anti-Christ.

 

Briefly, as Al-Mahdi (the Guided One) becomes the Islamic ruler, in Jerusalem, the fake messiah (Al-Dajjal) emerges to fight him, with huge powers. As Al-Mahdi is no match to him, Allah, praise to Him, will command Eisa (Jesus), pbuh, to descend to Earth to fight him. So, he descends on Damascus, then travels to Jerusalem, then they leave together to Sinai, which will be the Muslim stronghold. Ultimately, Eisa (Jesus), pbuh, fights Al-Dajjal and kills him. Then, he rules over Earth, with the Islamic Law. [7]

 

In one Hadith about the rule of Eisa (Jesus), pbuh, on Earth, the Messenger of Allah, Muhammed, pbbuh, says: The Son of Mary is about to descend among you. He will be a just ruler, who breaks the cross, kills the pig, and cancels the tax. The wealth (money) will be so abundant that nobody will accept it (for the lack of need to it). [8]

 

 

His Mission: Preaching God's Message from the Torah, and updating it with the Engel (the Gospel) 

 

Children of Israel went astray of the teachings of the Messenger of Allah, Moosa (Moses), and the Prophets after him. So, Allah, praise to Him, sent Eisa (Jesus, Christ), pbuh, to remind them of Gods Message, the Old Testament, to explain it, and to provide them with new clarifications, a New Testament, as guidance to the righteous worshippers of Allah. 

 

The Messengers of Allah are obligated to tell His Message to people, no matter how much difficult the mission may turn to be. They have to be persistent in their preaching, using the miracles which Allah made available to them, in order to persuade people. 

 

In the case of 'Eisa (Jesus), pbuh, some of the Children of Israel rejected him and even plotted to kill him. However, others believed in him and in his message. Allah, praise to Him, placed compassion and mercy in the hearts of these believers. Some of them innovated monasticism, which Allah did not prescribe for them. They did so, seeking the approval of Allah. But later, they did not observe it with due observance. 

 

So, it's time for followers of 'Eissa (Jesus), pbuh, to return to his true teachings of mercy and compassion, as we read in the following verses. 

 

ٰ ۖ  ( 5: 46).

 

And We sent, following in their footsteps, 'Eissa (Jesus), the Son of Maryam, confirming that which came before him in the Torah; and We gave him the Injeel (Gospel), in which was guidance and light, and (it was) confirming that which preceded it of the Torah, as well as guidance and preaching for the righteous (Al-Maeda, 5: 46). 

 

ٰ ۖ ( 33: 7).  

 

And (mention, O Muhammed that) We took from the prophets their covenant and from you, and from Noo'h (Noah), Ibraheem (Abraham), Moosa (Moses) and 'Eisa (Jesus), the Son of Maryam; and We took from them a solemn covenant (Al-A'hzab, 33: 7). 

 

ٰ ٰ ٰ ۖ ۚ ۚ  ( 42: 13). 

 

He has ordained for you of religion what He enjoined upon Noo'h (Noah), and that which We have revealed to you, (O Muhammad), and what We enjoined upon Ibraheem (Abraham), Moosa (Moses) and 'Eisa (Jesus): To establish the religion and not be divided therein. (It is) difficult for those who associate others with Allah what you invite them to. Allah chooses for Himself whom He wills, and guides to Himself whoever turns back (to Him) (Al-Shoora, 42: 13). 

 

ٰ ۖ ﴿٦٣  ۚ ٰ ﴿٦٤ ( 43: 63-64). 

 

And when 'Eisa (Jesus) brought clear proofs, he said: "I have come to you with wisdom, and to make clear to you some of that over which you differ. So, avoid the anger of Allah (be righteous) and obey me. (63

 

Allah is surely my Lord and your Lord. So, worship Him. This is a straight path" (64) (Al-Zukhruf, 43: 63-64). 

 

ۖ ۖ ﴿٢٦  ٰ ۖ ۖ  ﴿٢٧ ( 57: 26-27). 

 

And We have already sent Noo'h (Noah) and Ibraheem (Abraham) and placed in their descendants the prophethood and the Book; and among them is he, who is guided, but many of them are (defiantly) disobedient. (26

 

Then, We sent Our messengers, following their footsteps, and followed (them) with 'Eisa (Jesus), the Son of Maryam, and gave him the Injeel (the Gospel). And We placed in the hearts of those who followed him compassion, mercy, and monasticism, which they innovated; We did not prescribe it for them, except (that they did so) seeking the approval of Allah. But they did not observe it with due observance. So, We gave the ones who believed among them their reward, but many of them are disobedient (27) (Al-'Hadeed, 57: 26-27). 

 

 

Verses Mentioning Eisa (Jesus) as One of the Prominent Messengers of Allah 

 

Allah, praise to Him, dealt with His Messengers differently, as different circumstances needed. He spoke to some of them, like Adam, Ibraheem (Abraham), Moosa (Moses), and Muhammed, peace and blessings of Allah be upon them all. But this had to be through a barrier (such as the Sinai fire), or a medium (such as Jibreel, Gabriel), pbuh, as humans are incapable of having direct audio or visual communication with Him. As a result, His Messages to them were conveyed through wahi (), which can be translated into inspiration, or revelation. [9]

 

He also supported His Messengers with different miracles to persuade people in different times and different territories to follow them. Such miracles include Noohs (Noahs) arch, Ibraheems (Abrahams) protection from the fire, Moosas (Moses) staff, and Eisas (Jesus) many medical miracles. He supported His last Messenger, Muhammed, pbbuh, with the Holy Quran, as a proof for all people, at all times, that God exists and His Book is His lasting Message of guidance to humanity.

 

These five prominent Messengers of Allah are referred to in the Holy Quran as the Messengers with determination (resolve) ( ), who did not waver or back down when they were challenged by disbelievers. Instead, they persisted in telling Gods Message to the people, despite the dangers facing them in doing so. [10]

 

Though, Allah, praise to Him, dealt with His Messengers differently, believers are commanded not to make distinction among them, and mention all of them with utmost honor and respect. 

 

ٰ ۘ ۖ ۚ  ( 2: 253). 

 

Those messengers, some of them We preferred more than others. Among them were those to whom Allah spoke (to), and He raised some of them in degree. And We gave 'Eisa (Jesus), the Son of Maryam, the clear proofs, and We supported him with the Spirit of the Holy (Jibril, Gabriel) (Al-Baqara, 2: 253). 

 

ٰ ٰ ٰ ( 2: 136). 

 

Say, (O believers): "We have believed in Allah, and what has been revealed to us, and what has been revealed to Ibraheem (Abraham), Isma'eel, Is'haq (Isaac), Ya'coob (Jacob), and his grandchildren, and what was given to Moosa (Moses), and Eisa (Jesus), and what was given to the Prophets from their Lord. We make no distinction between any of them, and we are Muslims (in submission) to Him" (Al-Baqara, 2: 136). 

 

ٰ ۚ ٰ ٰ ۚ  ( 4: 163).  

 

We have inspired (revealed to) you, (O Muhammed), as We inspired (revealed to) Noo'h (Noah) and the prophets after him. And we inspired (revealed to) Ibraheem (Abraham), Isma'eel, Is'haq (Isaac), Ya'coob (Jacob), the grandchildren (of Ya'coob), 'Eisa (Jesus), Ayoob (Job), Yoonus (Jonah), Haroon (Aaron), and Sulayman (Solomon), and We gave Dawood (David) the book (of Psalms) (Al-Nisa, 4: 163).  

 

 

Conclusion 

 

Al-Masie'h, 'Eisa Bin Maryam (The Messiah, Jesus, the Son of Mary), pbuh, was one of the five major Messengers of Allah, who were sent with His Message of Guidance to humanity. He was created with a miracle, without a father, just like Adam. 

 

He was supported by Allah, through enabling him to perform various miracles, in order to convince people that he was a true Messenger of God. However, some of them not only rejected him and his message but also libeled him with great slander. They even plotted to have him killed but Almighty Allah rescued him by lifting him alive to heavens, giving them a person who looked like him. 

 

Descendants of those who believed in him also did him injustice by considering him as the son of God and worshipping him as God.  

 

The Holy Quran answers both parties, confirming that 'Eisa (Jesus) was the Messiah, a true Messenger of God, who was created with a miracle, without a father. However, the Holy Quran has pointed to his followers that they have exaggerated their faith by worshipping him as God. 

 

Because Eisa (Jesus), pbuh, was rescued and lifted to heavens, he is still alive waiting for the time when he is needed again on Earth. Then, Allah, praise to Him, will command him to descend to Earth, in order to kill the tyrant Dajjal (the fake messiah, the anti-Christ) and establish a rule of justice and prosperity, on this planet.

 

Sadly, for centuries, many followers of Christ have concentrated on the nature of the Messenger, instead of following God's Message of Guidance that he preached, as did other Messengers of God before him. 


In today's world, which has been infested with bloodshed, aggression, corruption, tyranny, greed, and indifference, followers of Jesus Christ, need to follow his message of righteousness, love, compassion, mercy, and peace.  


Notes: 

 

[1] "Allah" is the Arabic adjectival name which God, the Great Creator, has chosen for Himself. All His other Good Names are also adjectival names. Linguistically, the Name Allah is composed of two syllables. The first is the definite article Al (the) and the second is ilah (God). Thus, it is Al-Ilah (the God), but it is contracted, by deleting the letter i from ilah, to become Allah (the God). This Name was also known to the other Messengers of Allah, who came before His last Messenger, Muhammed, peace and blessings be upon them all. To know more about Allah, see the Authors book:

 

Allah, His Good Names, Who He Is, and What He Wants for Humans, as He Described Himself in the Holy Quran by Hassan Ali El-Najjar (ccun.org)

 

[2] This author is solely responsible for the translation of the meanings of the verses of the Holy Quran in this Chapter and throughout the Book, though he has consulted with other translations, particularly Sa'hi'h International, at www.tanzil.net.  

 

Special credit and thanks should be given to our predecessors, particularly Al-Tabari, Al-Qurtubi, and Ibn Katheer, whose interpretations of the Holy Quran have been of great benefit for this author. These are published online at http://quran.al-islam.com/Loader.aspx?pageid=215.  

 

May Allah reward all of these interpreters, translators, and those who made their works available online, for their great services to humanity.  

 

[3] Sister of Haroon (Aaron) means his relative, as they all are descendants of Ibrahim (Abraham). It does not mean an actual sister of him. In religious contexts, Christians and Muslims still refer to each other as brothers and sisters. 

 

[4] Verse 33 of Soorat Maryam (Chapter 19) of the Holy Quran present the verb of his birth in the past tense, his death in the present tense, and his resurrection in the future tense. This is an emphasis that he has not died yet, as Allah has lifted him to heavens alive. More about this is in verse 156-159 of Soorat Al-Nisa (Chapter 4), which is presented below. 

 

[5] This is a reference to the dispute between Jews and Christians about who was 'Eissa (Jesus). Jews say that he was the son of Joseph and Mary, thus denying the miracle of creating him without a father. Christians went to the other extreme, saying that he is the son of God. The Holy Quran corrected both viewpoints, saying that he was created without a father, as a miracle from God. However, he was not the son of God. 

 

[6] See Chapter 19, titled:  "Ibrahim: God's Good Friend, of this authors book: Islam: God's Message of Guidance to Humanity.

 

The birth of Yahya (John, the Baptist) to Zakariya (Zechariah) and his wife, despite their old age, is mentioned as one of God's miracles in verses 1-11 of Soorat Maryam (Chapter 19), and in verses 38-41 of Soorat Al-i-'Imran (Chapter 3) and of the Holy Quran, as follows: 

 

ٰ

   ﴿١﴾   ﴿٢﴾ ٰ   ﴿٣﴾   ﴿٤﴾   ﴿٥﴾ ۖ   ﴿٦﴾ ٰ   ﴿٧﴾ ٰ   ﴿٨﴾ ٰ   ﴿٩﴾ ۚ   ﴿١٠﴾ ٰ ٰ   ﴿١١﴾ ( 19: 1-11). 

 

I seek refuge with God from the Stoned Shaytan (Satan)

In the Name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful 

 

Kaf, Ha, Ya, 'Ayn, Sad.  (1)  

 

(This is) a mention of the mercy of your Lord to His worshipper Zakariya (Zechariah), (2)  

 

He called to his Lord (in) a private supplication,  (3)  

 

He said: "My Lord, my bones have weakened, and my head has (been) filled with white (hair), and never have I been in my supplication to You, my Lord, wretched (unhappy).  (4)  

 

And I fear the caretakers after me, and my wife has been barren. So, give me from Yourself (by Your will) an heir (5)  

 

To inherit me and inherit from the house of Ya'coob (Jacob). And make him, my Lord, pleasing (to You)."  (6)  

 

(Allah said): "O Zakariya (Zechariah): We give you good tidings of a boy whose name will be Ya'hya (John). We have not assigned (this) name to any before."  (7)  

 

He said: "My Lord, how will I have a boy when my wife has been barren and I have reached extreme old age?"  (8)  

 

(An angel) said: "Thus (it will be). Your Lord said: 'It is easy for Me, for I created you before, when you were nothing.' " (9)  

 

(Zakariya) said: "My Lord, make for me a sign." He said: "Your sign is that you will not (be able to) speak to the people for three nights, (even if you are) sound."  (10)  

 

So, he came out to his people from the prayer chamber and signaled to them to exalt (Allah) in the morning and the afternoon.  (11) (Maryam, 19: 1-11).

 

ۖ ۖ   ﴿٣٨﴾ ٰ   ﴿٣٩﴾ ٰ ۖ ٰ   ﴿٤٠﴾ ۖ ۗ   ﴿٤١﴾ ( 3: 38-41). 

 

At that (time), Zakariya (Zechariah) called upon his Lord, saying, My Lord, grant me from Yourself (by Your will) a good offspring. You are the Hearer of supplication.  (38)  

 

So, the angels called him while he was standing in prayer, in the chamber (saying): Allah gives you glad tidings of Ya'hya (John), confirming a word from Allah, and (who will be) honorable, abstaining (from women), and a Prophet from among the righteous.  (39)  

 

He said: My Lord, how will I have a boy when I have reached old age and my wife is barren? (An angel) said: Such is Allah; He does what He wills.  (40)  

 

He said, My Lord, make for me a sign. He Said: Your sign is that you will not (be able to) speak to the people for three days, except by gesture. And remember your Lord much, and exalt (Him with praise), in the evening and the morning. (41)  (Al-Imran, 3: 38-41). 

 

[7] See, for example, Riyadh Al-Saliheen, by Imam Al-Nawawi. Dar Al-Arabiya Press, Beirut, Lebanon,  the paper version. In Section 370, titled Kitab Al-Manthoorat, there are 12 Hadiths about Al-dajjal (the fake messiah, the anti-Christ), from number 1805 to number 1816.

 

Many websites carry the book online, such as: :   (al-eman.com)

 

By entering the word, Al-Dajjal, the dorar.net website provides 482 Hadiths for non-specialists and 1576 Hadiths for specialist scholars, who research the topic of Al-Dajjal (the fake messiah, the anti-Christ). Many of these are different versions of the same Hadith.

 

- - (dorar.net)

 

[8] This Hadith, about the rule of Eisa (Jesus), pbuh, on Earth, after his return, was authenticated as a Sahih (sound, correct) Hadith by Shuayb Al-Arna-oat, in Takhreej Al-Musnad: 7269. It was also recorded as Sahih by Al-Bukhari: 2222, Muslim: 155, Al-Tirmidthi: 2233, and Ahmed: 7269, which is his version.

 

The Arabic text of the Hadith and its authentication are as follows:

 

: " ǡ " ( : 7269. : 2222 : 155 : 2233 : 7269 ).

 

[9] The Holy Quran describes Gods communication with humans as wahi (). However, translators of the Bible used two words to describe it. These are inspiration and revelation. As can be seen online, many biblical scholars tried to differentiate between them on the basis of the kind of the conveyed communication.

 

[10] These five prominent Messengers of Allah are referred to in the Holy Quran as the Messengers with determination (resolve) ( ), as mentioned in verse 35 of Soorat Al-Ahqaf (Chapter 46) of the Holy Quran, but without mentioning their names.

 

... ( 46: 35).

 

So, be patient )O Muhammed(, as were those of determination (resolve) among the Messengers (Al-Ahqaf, 46: 35).

 

Some interpreters of the Holy Quran said that all Messengers of Allah were those with determination (resolve) ( ). However, majority of them agree that these were the five Messengers mentioned above: Nooh (Noah), Ibraheem (Abraham), Moosa (Moses), Eisas (Jesus), and Muhammed, peace and blessings of Allah be upon them all.

 

As Al-Baghawi put it, the evidence for this opinion is mentioning them together twice, in verse 7 of Soorat Al-Ahzab (Chapter 33) and in verse 13 of Soorat Al-Shoora (Chapter 42) of the Holy Quran, as follows:

 

ٰ ۖ ( 33: 7).

 

ٰ ٰ ٰ ۖ ... ( 42: 13).

 

And (mention, O Muhammed), when We took from the Prophets their covenant, and from you, and from Nooh (Noah), and Ibraheem (Abraham), and Moosa (Moses), and Eisa (Jesus), the son of Mary; and We took from them a solemn covenant (Al-Ahzab, 33: 7).

 

He has ordained for you of religion what He enjoined upon Nooh (Noah), and that which We have revealed to you (O Muhammed), and what We enjoined upon Ibraheem (Abraham), and Moosa (Moses), and Eisa (Jesus): To establish the religion and not be divided therein (Al-Shoora, 42: 13).

 

 

 

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About the Author and the Book:

 

* The author of this book has a Ph.D. in Sociology and a Masters degree in Cultural Anthropology. He was born in Ghazzah (Gaza), Palestine in 1369 Hijriya (1950) but he has been living in the United States since 1986.


The authentic Quran Arabic text is used as a reference for the translation of the meanings of the Quran verses, particularly from www.tanzil.net
.

 

The works of the three renowned Islamic scholars Al-Tabari, Al-Qurtubi, and Ibn Katheer, have been used throughout the chapters of this book, as these are the most credited interpretations of the Holy Quran, for their use of 'Hadith, companions' interpretations, and their thorough knowledge of the Arabic language.
 

   ( 61: 8).   

 

They want to extinguish the light of Allah with their mouths, but Allah will perfect His light, although the disbelievers dislike it (Al-Saff, 61: 8). 

 

 

Opinions expressed in various sections are the sole responsibility of their authors and they may not represent Al-Jazeerah's.

editor@aljazeerah.info