Fatwa on the blessings and merits of the first ten days of Dhul Hijjah
Dr. Mohamed Khodr: Assalamu Alaikum
Islamonline.org: Wa `alaykum As-Salamu wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh.
In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.
All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His
Brother, may Allah bless your efforts in pursuit of knowledge and enlighten
your heart with Ikhlas (sincerity)! As you have stated, the first ten days
of Dhul-Hijjah represents an annual chance, in which a faithful servant of
Allah is to bring himself nearer to Him, Most High. These are days of
worship, Hajj, charity, peace, sacrifice, and good deeds.
Shedding more light on this issue, we'd like to cite the following Fatwa
issued by Sheikh M. S. Al-Munajjid, a prominent Saudi Islamic lecturer and
"Praise be to Allah Who has created Time and has made some times better than
others, some months and days and nights better than others, in a sense that
rewards are multiplied many times than the case in other periods of time.
This reflects Allah’s overflowing mercy towards His servants, and it
encourages them to do more righteous deeds and makes them more eager to
worship Him, so that the Muslim renews his efforts to gain a greater share
of reward, prepare himself for death and supply himself in readiness for the
Day of Judgment.
This season of worship brings many benefits, such as the opportunity to
correct one’s faults and make up for any shortcomings or anything that one
might have missed. Every one of these special occasions involves some kind
of worship through which the servants may draw closer to Allah, and some
kind of blessing though which Allah bestows His favor and mercy upon
whomsoever He wills. Happiness and success are for the one who makes the
most of these special months, days and hours and draws nearer to his Lord
during these times through acts of worship and righteousness. The Muslim
must understand the value of his life, increase his worship of Allah and
persist in doing good deeds until the moment of death. Almighty Allah says:
"And worship your Lord until there comes unto you the certainty." (Al-Hijr:
99) The Scholars say: ‘The certainty’ means death.
Among the special seasons of worship are the first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah,
which Allah has preferred over all the other days of the year. Ibn `Abbas
(may Allah be pleased with him and his father) reported that the Prophet
(peace and blessings be upon him) said: "There are no days in which
righteous deeds are more beloved to Allah than these ten days." The people
asked, "Not even Jihad for the sake of Allah?" He said, "Not even Jihad for
the sake of Allah, except in the case of a man who went out to fight, giving
himself and his wealth up for the cause, and came back with nothing."
(Reported by al-Bukhari)
Ibn `Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him and his father) also reported that
the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said: "There is no deed more
precious in the sight of Allah, nor greater in reward, than a good deed done
during the ten days of Sacrifice." He was asked, "Not even Jihad for the
sake of Allah?" He said, "Not even Jihad for the sake of Allah, except in
the case of a man who went out to fight giving himself and his wealth up for
the cause, and came back with nothing." (Reported by ad-Darimi)
These texts and others indicate that these ten days are better than all the
other days of the year, with no exceptions, not even the last ten days of
Ramadan. But the last ten nights of Ramadan are better, because they include
Laylat al-Qadr, which is better than a thousand months. Thus the various
reports may be reconciled. (See Tafsir Ibn Kathir, 5/412)
You should know, dear brother in Islam, that the virtue of these ten days is
based on many things:
1- Allah swears an oath by them, and swearing an oath by something is
indicative of its importance and great benefit. Almighty Allah says: "By the
dawn; by the ten nights." (Al-Fajr: 1-2) Ibn `Abbas, Ibn Az-Zubayr, Mujahid
and others of the earlier and later generations are of the opinion that this
refers to the first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah. Ibn Kathir said: "This is the
correct opinion." (Tafsir Ibn Kathir, 8/413)
2- The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) testified that these are
the best days of this world, as we have already quoted above from authentic
3- The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) encouraged people to do
righteous deeds because of the virtue of this season for people throughout
the world, and also because of the virtue of the place - for the pilgrims to
the Sacred House of Allah.
4- The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) commanded us to recite
during this time a lot of Tasbih (glorification of Allah), as well as Tahmid
(praising Allah) and Takbir (saying 'Allah is Greatest').
`Abdullah ibn `Umar (may Allah be pleased with him and his father) reported
that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said: "There are no days
greater in the sight of Allah and in which righteous deeds are more beloved
to Him than these ten days, so during this time recite a great deal of
Tahlil (saying: 'there is no god but Allah'), Takbir and Tahmid." (Reported
5- These ten days include the Day of `Arafah, on which Allah perfected His
Religion. Fasting on this day will expiate for the sins of two years. These
days also include the Day of Sacrifice, the greatest day of the entire year
and the greatest day of Hajj, which combines acts of worship in a way unlike
any other day.
6- These ten days include the days of Hajj."
Allah Almighty knows best.
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